Saturday, May 23, 2020

Implementation of Strategy by Aldi Group Free Essay Example, 3250 words

The paper tells that Aldi Group expanded rapidly in other countries as well in order to set up its business and attract a huge customer base for its products. It has been studied that Aldi s growth has accelerated due to the unique business model that the company follows that is to serve the customers with quality goods at low prices. The company was named as the low price grocery store. It is noted that more than 25 million customers each month take advantage of the company s simple approach to grocery retailing. Further, the company is known for its track record that it has set by being an employer of choice by offering its employees with a lot of compensation as well as the benefits. The company has reached a level of the customer satisfaction that the customers recommend the company to the friends and their family members. Aldi undertakes a strategic drift in order to compete with the rivals. The business model followed by the company undertakes a particular cost leadership stra tegy which is used to reduce the cost of running a grocery store. We will write a custom essay sample on Implementation of Strategy by Aldi Group or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The strategy involves purchasing of the low price land in the outskirts of the city and built cheap warehouses in order to store the products manufactured by the company. The company employs few members in order to cut the cost incurred by the company to train the employees. Another strategy that the company adopts is that of the differentiation strategy. The company undergoes product differentiation that is it manufactures the wide range of products for its customers and they would not face any difficulty in their choice of the products. The market mainly follows the policy of a monopolistically competitive economy where the firms undergo product differentiation and there are possibilities of the entry of the new firms within the market so that they can compete with the other firms. However, the managers of Aldi are involved in the decision-making process of the company regarding the strategies that are to be implemented.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

From the Observed to the Unobserved David Hume - 699 Words

From the observed to the unobserved: David Hume The Problem of Induction. According to Hume, this style of reasoning is logically valid. Logically valid inferences state that if the premises are true then the conclusions must be true. Or better yet, if you accept the premises, you must accept the conclusions. There is no way for the premises to be true and the conclusions to be false. However, this is not really the case because using a priori reasoning does not prove inductive inferences is logically valid. It is not the case that the premises can be true and the conclusions false, while maintaining the premises truth validity. This is one style of reasoning used in Hume’s fork with the other being experimental reasoning. The problem with experimental reasoning is that it is not logically valid. It is not logically valid because we have no reason to believe that the conclusions we attempt to make based on the empirical data bring us any closer to bridging the gap between the observed and the unobserved. It was David Hume that brought forth the problem of induction. Due to his profound critique, philosophers have argued the subject of induction for centuries. Considering the fact that our experiences of the world cannot confirm or disprove general or universal claims, but only particular facts. For this reason, empiricism requires a method to change from knowledge of a specific group of objects, to knowledge of global and general connection. Such a procedure is calledShow MoreRelatedProblem of Induction Essay1214 Words   |  5 Pages In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe t hat the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidenceRead MoreDavid Hume Effect1830 Words   |  8 PagesDavid Hume and the Idea of Cause and Effect David Hume was an influential philosopher in the 1700s and is highly recognized for his view points on rationality as well as skepticism, philosophical imperialism and naturalism. One of his major pieces that he is most recognized for is his Enquiry of Human Understanding. In this enquiry he challenges many concepts such as our belief in cause and effect as well as belief in logical reasoning. In his fourth enquiry, Hume is mainly addressing the idea ofRead More Causality, Hume, and Quantum Mechanics Essay1613 Words   |  7 PagesCausality, Hume, and Quantum Mechanics It is my intention, in the course of this essay, to take the work of David Hume and reapply it to causality using quantum mechanical theory. When I refer to causality, I am referring to the belief that events have a relationship of action A causing action B where A is considered to be the final cause of B. I also refer to the belief that we can know and understand these causal relationships and thusly know how the system works. This isRead MoreInduction As A General Law Or Principle From The Observation Of Particular Instances ( Induction )1707 Words   |  7 Pagesthe process of inferring a general law or principle from the observation of particular instances (Induction). Despite their reasoning’s, philosophers such as Hume and Popper have publicly voiced their disagreement and concerns with induction. Hume’s concern with casual connection and the uncertainty of something when individual has not personally experienced that given experience has lead me to contemplate the arguments brought forward by both Hume and Popper and in the end side with the both of themRead MoreAlfred Jules Ayers Language, Truth and Logic, the Major Thesis on Logical Positivism of its Time982 Words   |  4 Pagesverification Principle is true it has many different implications for ethics. The Principle of Induction is rendered cognitively meaningless by the Verification Principle. The Principle of Induction states that casual relationships that have been observed in the past will continue in the same way always and everywhere (Dr. Reilly). Back in the 1950’s and 1960’s, it was very uncommon to get a divorce. Families stayed together regardless of what hardships they had going on. Now with televisionsRead MoreInductive Vs. Inductive Reasoning1690 Words   |  7 PagesAxPx. Let us briefly explore these two statements. In statement (I), an+1 denotes a different object or form from those denoted by a1 ,†¦., an. During the application of these principles (I) and (II), we are to assume that we do not know any non-P’s, and furthermore that the class of a1 ,..., an are the sole objects for which we know that they are P’s. Now, the Scottish philosopher David Hume has soundly argued that there is no logical justification for the inferences of the form presented in (I)Read More Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form? Essay examples2139 Words   |  9 Pagesmeans to know something is true and also why it is important to distinguish between what you know and do not or can not know. The sceptic in challenging the possibility of knowing anything challenges the basis on which all epistemology is based. It is from this attack on epistemology that the defence of scepticism is seen. 2. Strong Scepticism Strong scepticism states that it is not possible to know anything. That is we cannot have absolute knowledge of anything. This can however immediately have theRead MoreThe Philosophical Branch Of Personal Identity1884 Words   |  8 Pagesnecessary for personal identity. First, we could think of a person that might have irrational fear of some event in the future which would not happen to her. Suppose I believe that there will be a hideous nuclear atom bomb attack one hundred years from now which I fear. Although I will not be alive anymore, I could happen to believe in reincarnation and there is thus no way I could possibly escape that disastrous future event. My fear can â€Å"reach through† (Williams, p. 191, 1970) to this future eventRead MoreBranches of Philosophy8343 Words   |  34 Pagesgood, law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen. †¢ Aesthetics deals with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment. †¢ Logic deals with patterns of thinking that lead from true premises to true conclusions, originally developed in Ancient Greece. Beginning in the late 19th century, mathematicians such as Frege focused on a mathematical treatment of logic, and today the subject of logic has two broad divisions: mathematicalRead MoreDecision Theory: a Brief Introduction28334 Words   |  114 Pagesdecision theory. It is intended for university students with no previous acquaintance with the subject, and was primarily written for the participants of a course on risk analysis at Uppsala University in 1994. Some of the chapters are revised versions from a report written in 1990 for the Swedish National Board for Spent Nuclear Fuel. Uppsala, August 1994 Sven Ove Hansson 4 1. What is decision theory? Decision theory is theory about decisions. The subject is not a very unified one. To the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Renaissance in Italy Free Essays

There were many factors that led to the Renaissance beginning in Italy. The Renaissance was a transition to the Modern Age that began in Italy. It began in Italy for plenty of reasons but the main factors for this happening are the geographical and sociological factors. We will write a custom essay sample on Renaissance in Italy or any similar topic only for you Order Now These were what made Italy the country that started the Renaissance movement that would later move all throughout Europe. Geographically the main reason why Italy started the Renaissance was the reminder they had from ancient Rome. It was the beauty and art that showed that this area had wealth. 94) This was like a reminder to all the people in that country that they can all have wealth and beauty like that. It wasn’t even Just the wealth and beauty in Rome but also the arts and music that was shown, this helped them want to change. (294) Not only was it Rome but there were also other cities like Milan, Florence, Venice, Mantra and Genoa that had the same characteristics. (295) This led to them stepping away from Kingdoms and instead being led by cities. (Lecture 1) The wealthy families also helped start the Renaissance in Italy. One example was he Medici family who were so wealthy that they take over the city of Florence. (Lecture 1) Europe was hit with a plague and the first country to start trading again was Italy, which helped them get a huge increase in wealth over the other countries in Europe. This in itself had a big impact on the creation of the Renaissance in Italy. (lecture 1) All these factors played a big role in the creation of the Renaissance. It was because of Italy’s history, location, and wealth that helped this happen. Without all these things happening in Italy the Renaissance wouldn’t have happened as fast as it did. How to cite Renaissance in Italy, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

20,000 Leagues Under The Sea Overview Essay Example For Students

20,000 Leagues Under The Sea: Overview Essay 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: OverviewJules Verne was born in France in 1828 and always had a love for the sea. He once tried to be a sea captain on a boat but things did not work out. JulesVerne has written many very famous books such as Journey To the Center of theEarth, Five Weeks in a balloon and Around the World in Eighty Days. I havewritten a review on one of his most famous books 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. This book combines adventure, suspense and mystery throwing in a few pieces ofinformation about life under the sea. The book begins with some great suspense, it begins with a boat chasinga giant monster that has destroyed some huge unsinkable ships. Every time theyget close to this monster a giant stream of water shoots hundreds of feet intothe air, causing the boat to back off. Once in a while the monster willdisappear from sight for hours. While reading this part of the book the readerfeels like he is on the boat chasing the monster also. A lot of times the boatgets close enough to the monster to catch it and thoughts of what you think themonster could be run through your head like crazy. When they finally make anattempt to capture it, it disappears beneath the depths of the ocean. One of the most suspenseful and mysterious parts of the book was whenthe characters were thrown into a big room inside the submarine that seemed tohave no doors. At this point in the book the characters have no idea what wasgoing on, neither does the reader. The only thing that happens during the timein this room is a man comes in and gives them some food, minutes later they allfell asleep. Why where they put to sleep, where is this room that seems to haveno doors? This is just one of the hundreds of questions going through your headduring these couple chapters of the book. When they wake up all the lights inthe room are off and the submarine is shaking. When they finally meet and become comfortable with the captain they getan invitation to go hunting 2 miles under the sea. They put on these hugeunderwater suits that can withstand the pressure two miles under the sea, thenthe cabin fills up with water and a door opens. Two miles under the sea, whatadventures are down there waiting for them? What amazing sites are two milesunder the sea? What dangerous are awaiting people in the depths of the sea?

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Organd Donation free essay sample

Organ donation is the taking of healthy tissues and organ from a living or dead person to a living recipient in need of a transplantation. There are processes involved in organ donation from the moment someone decides to be an organ donor to the time the organ is transplanted into another person. A nurse’s role in this process is crucial in many ways and for many people (the medical team, the donor/donor’s family, the recipient). According to the U. S. department of health and human services, 117,376 people are waiting for an organ, 18 people will die each day waiting for an organ, and 1 organ donor can save up to 8 lives. The supply and demand for organs is disproportionate. There are many reasons behind this shortage and they include knowledge and attitudes of health professionals, processes for donor identification, timing of the request for organ donation, refusal of family members to consent to donation, and cultural considerations that influence the willingness to donate. We will write a custom essay sample on Organd Donation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Also, organ donation is an option in less than 1 percent of deaths because brain death, the irreversible cessation of all brain function, must occur in order for a hospital to allow most organ transplants. When discussing donations, many people think of organs. However, tissue donation also has a major impact on the lives of many recipients. Some examples are: donated corneas can restore vision, veins and arteries can restore circulation and are used in coronary artery bypass graft surgery, defective valves are replaced with healthy heart valves, bone is used for knee and hip replacement; connective tissue is used to repair joints, and even the skin is used for patients with severe burns. Tissue donation provides recipients life enhancing benefits. Living donation is also an option. People who are healthy and without any complications can donate their organs and even choose whom they want to donate their organs to. The organs that can be procured from a living donor are a lobe of the lung, a segment of the liver, the kidney, a part of the pancreas, and even a portion of the intestine. The living donor has to consent to procedures and testing of the organ to make sure the organ is functioning before the surgery. The living donor should also be given all the information regarding the whole process of donation and all the procedures, along with the risk factors. The risks are similar to any surgery, including bleeding and other complications. If their remaining organ fails, they themselves will need an organ replacement. The living donor always has the option to change their mind anytime during the process. Virginia Henderson (1897-1996) is often referred to as the â€Å"first lady of nursing†. Her theory of activities of living gives a broad range of ideas for the theory to be applied in many areas of nursing practice, including the organ donation process. In this article, her model is applied to the role of nurses in the management of organ donors. The following is a description of the model and the role nurses play, especially after a person who is brain dead and suffered neurological injuries. 1. Normal breathing: A Nurse is aware that inadequate oxygen will damage organs, and therefore understands the importance of early airway and oxygenation to maintain organ viability. 2. Eating and drinking: Fluid and Electrolytes, blood transfusion, and medications may be necessary to maintain organ viability. 3. Elimination of body waste: Monitoring organ function (kidneys) through lab testing at regular intervals is essential for organ viability. . Desirable posture/sleep and rest: Frequent position changes to prevent skin breakdown and pulmonary complications are important for the viabilities of the lungs for transplantation. 5. Select suitable clothing: dress and undress: The patient needs to be treated with dignity and respect because their value as a human being is not lost. 6. Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring o thers: Ensure safety of the donated organs as well as protecting the emotional environment of the patient’s family. 7. Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing/modifying environment: Extremes of body temperature puts the body in a hypermetabolic state and increases oxygen consumption, therefore, nurses need to monitor the body temperature of the donor. 8. Grooming/protecting the integument: Keeping the patient neatly groomed helps the family feel better. 9. Communication with others: Allow the family members to express their fears, emotions, and needs. Nurses need to provide concise, honest answers and communication is critical in this delicate situation. 10. Worshipping according to one’s faith: Nurses should help facilitate worship or end-of-life rituals for the family at the bedside to express their grief. 11. Play and recreation: recreational activities leading to death are simple accidents and nurses to remind the family that sometimes things go wrong and no one is to blame. 12. Learn and discover: nurses should provide grief support and give guidance to the family and maybe other health care staff. On one end is the nurse caring for the organ donor and on the other end are the nurses working with the transplant team and caring for the organ recipient. In both ends, patients and families are going through a lot of emotions and the quality most people look for in a nurse is that of comfort. Beach, P. R. , Hallett, A. M. , and Zaruca, K. , (2011, May). Organ Donation After Circulatory Death: Vital Partnerships.    American Journal of Nursing. 111(5), pp. 32-38. Tanner, K. W. , (2011, February). Maximizing Organ Donation through Aggressive Donor Management.    American Nurse Today. 6(2). Retrieved: April 10, 2013. http://www. americannursetoday. com/popups/articleprint. aspx? id=8502 Meyer, K. Bjork, I. T. and Eide, H. (2012, June). Intensive Care Nurses Perceptions of Their Professional Competence in the Organ Donor Process: A National Survey.    Journal of Advanced Nursing. 68(1), pp. 104-115. Nicely, B. , amp; DeLario, G. T. (2011). Virginia Henderson’s principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death. Progress in Transplantation, 21(1), 72-77. Daly, B. J. , (2006, April). End-of-Life Deci sion Making, Organ Donation, and Critical Care Nurses.    Critical Care Nurse. 26(2), pp. 78-86.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Free Essays on Religion In Schools

, which were purposely made vague. Much like anything we read, we have to interpret the meaning to apply it to a certain situation. So when it comes to allowing religion in the public schools, how do we decide if it is constitutional or not? Again, the constitution says, â€Å"Congress shall pass no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.† Literally, it says that congress can not â€Å"establish† a religion. To me, this means that congress cannot say that, for instance, everyone must be a United Methodist. However, we interpret that â€Å"establish† means that congress cannot â€Å"accept or recognize† (Merriam-Webster on Establish) one particular religion. So let’s ask a question about religion in schools. â€Å"Can we open class with prayer?† The answer: not according to the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the first clause of the 1st amendment. Why is it then, that every Wednesday a group of us gathered around the flagpole in front of my public high school, Boyle County, to pray? Not only that, but before school there was a bible study in the library and praise music in the cafeteria, in addition to the bi-weekly F.C.A.... Free Essays on Religion In Schools Free Essays on Religion In Schools The Founding Fathers Had the 1st Amendment†¦ and the Last Word On December 15th, 1791, our â€Å"founding fathers† ratified the Bill of Rights, which have been both the basis of our freedoms and the basis of our limitations. In particular, the 1st Amendment, and more specifically, the first two clauses: â€Å" Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.† At the time this was written, the new Americans were trying to do everything they could in order to ensure that our government’s power was as limited as possible. The thought of England’s power was frightening and disturbing. But since the Bill of Rights was written, we have had to face many problems that force us to interpret the words, which were purposely made vague. Much like anything we read, we have to interpret the meaning to apply it to a certain situation. So when it comes to allowing religion in the public schools, how do we decide if it is constitutional or not? Again, the constitution says, â€Å"Congress shall pass no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.† Literally, it says that congress can not â€Å"establish† a religion. To me, this means that congress cannot say that, for instance, everyone must be a United Methodist. However, we interpret that â€Å"establish† means that congress cannot â€Å"accept or recognize† (Merriam-Webster on Establish) one particular religion. So let’s ask a question about religion in schools. â€Å"Can we open class with prayer?† The answer: not according to the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the first clause of the 1st amendment. Why is it then, that every Wednesday a group of us gathered around the flagpole in front of my public high school, Boyle County, to pray? Not only that, but before school there was a bible study in the library and praise music in the cafeteria, in addition to the bi-weekly F.C.A....

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Research Methods Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Research Methods - Assignment Example The oil export business has also allowed the countries to participate in the international trade and thus the countries are developing in order to compete with the developed nations (Narayan and Smyth, 2007). Since oil producing sector is the most important sector in the middle-east and the GCC nations this is considered for carrying out a detailed study. The aim of the research is to carry out an overall analysis of the performance of the oil producing companies of middle-east by focusing mainly on the GCC nations and the revenue generated them. Since crude oil is on high demand in the international market hence it would prove to be an interesting topic of discussion for most of the researchers. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have a number of features in common that is their structural economic features as well as there are significant differences. The common features comprise of high dependency of the other nations on the hydrocarbon as well as the oil production of the middle-east and the GCC nations (Arouri and Rault, 2012). The countries are expected to earn a large portion of their revenue from the oil export business. Oil producing companies face challenges due to the fluctuations in the oil prices where some of the oil importing countries reduce their dependency on the oil and hydrocarbon and set up a separate non-oil sector. There is a possibility of economic diversification that takes place in the international market that would in turn reduce the demand for oil. Study says that, the member nations of GCC are adopting the method of economic diversification with UAE and Bahrain, acting as the most advanced in this field of economic diversification. According to the study, the GDP growth in the non-oil sector has exceeded that of oil producing sectors in the international market, but the non-oil sector are controlled by the government expenditure which is further dependent on